How to Optimize Your VoIP Plan

VoIP is great – it’s much easier to use than traditional PSTN. It can help you do more things at once, and more and more homes and businesses all over Singapore are connected to it. More VoIP Singapore service providers have emerged to fill in the demand.

Now that you’re considering a hosted VoIP system, there are a lot of factors that you have to think over, such as call quality, accessibility, and even features.

A lot of times, making the switch to cloud VoIP means complete restructuring or upgrading to IP PBX telephone systems from their regular PBX phone system, which could affect the way that businesses approach their internet connection, as well as regular trips for longer and more Ethernet cables to connect office devices to the network.

There are even assumptions about the use of cloud VoIP. One of those is that it will just keep dropping calls while employees and business owners talk to clients. Another is that the system interface would just force employees to call prospects using their personal line.

Fortunately, there’s a way to get around these problems. Here’s a list of things that you can do to get the best out of your VoIP plan.

1. Know the kind of calls that you want – and need – to make

This lets you determine the kind of IP private branch exchange telephone solution in Singapore you will need, whether you’re planning on handling local calls in Singapore or making long-distance international calls. Systems that often experience bottlenecks could have the routers for IP PBX telephone systems set to prioritize voice traffic. This allows for better calls with only little interruption or lag.

For instance, if you want to use both voice and data for your VoIP plan, consider using one plan for both, as running them on separate plans would only be more expensive to pull off in terms of set-up and running costs. When you choose to combine both voice and data plans, take the following into consideration:

• Service Scaling/Upgradability – Contact your VoIP Singapore service provider. Can you upgrade the services for the VoIP plan that you want to get?

• Adequate bandwidth – How much will you need in order to handle the number of clients you have? Should you go for a little extra just in case? How much should you go for?

• Network Adaptability – Can you modify the network to suit the needs of your business?

2. Buy wires

This might sound counterintuitive as well as counterproductive – after all, isn’t cloud VoIP supposed to be an upgrade from all the telephone cables and miles of copper wire of the PBX phone system of old?

The answer to that question is yes. However, it’s important to know that switching to an IP PBX telephone system will actually need an adequate number of Ethernet cables to connect your computers, not just to the internet, but to your own network.

Power over Ethernet Cables (also known as PoE cables) are a good choice for your hosted PABX because these cables let your devices charge from your internet connection. PoE injectors are also an option if your Ethernet switch isn’t compatible.

3. Manage your traffic with a dedicated router

Better network traffic distribution is what you’re going for – and that’s what routers do. To get the quality that you want with your hosted PABX service, you need to manage the traffic to give your devices enough bandwidth to work well. Here are a few tricks to bandwidth management to get you started:

• Adjust the router software and assign a priority to a certain category (in this case, voice and video calling). However, this won’t always be available for all routers.

• Set the priority of devices by their Media Access Code (MAC) or even IP addresses. If you don’t know what a MAC address is, it’s a string of hexadecimal numbers that’s unique to any device and network name.

MAC addresses are generally better to work with, as IP addresses can change and can be difficult to track for many devices. If you’re bent on working with an IP address, though, be sure to keep it fixed in the device and set in the router.

A good alternative to using Ethernet cables for your upgraded PBX phone system would be wireless routers, but you would have to make sure that your devices have Wi-Fi capability functions.

You should keep in mind, though, that wireless routers are traditionally designed for smartphones, tablets, and laptops – they’re likely to buckle under the weight of voice and video calls. Check out in Singapore for the best option available.

4. Check your firewalls and codecs

The sad truth with firewalls that most cloud VoIP vendors won’t tell you is that there’s simply no adequate way to measure how much media you can run through them. Your best bet for your hosted VoIP service is to use firewalls that are designed to filter internal data traffic and packets.

Sometimes, though, what you need to achieve the quality you want is a codec improvement. What VoIP codecs do is that they compress and decompress your voice data. This keeps bandwidth requirements low and call quality high, which in turn makes a better option for handling not just local calls in Singapore, but international calls.

There are several codecs that you can choose from, each one with their own bit rates, sampling rates, and other features. For example, G.711.1 codecs use more bandwidth than G.711 codecs, but has better sound quality. It’s simply a matter of compromise and choosing the one that not only meets all the requirements you need, but one that doesn’t burn too big a hole in your budget.

Available Treatments for HIV Patients

Although there is no cure for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, treatment is still a necessary step to prolong the life of an infected individual. Before a treatment regimen is recommended, however, the individual has to undergo HIV testing at one of the clinics or hospitals in Singapore or perform an anonymous HIV test using a test kit available at pharmacies.

HIV Testing as a Primary Step

HIV screening will determine the progress of the virus so that appropriate medication can relieve some of the symptoms, if there are any. There are various methods for HIV testing in Singapore, but most can be categorized into three types; testing for HIV antibodies, testing for HIV antigens, and a combination of the two tests.

The first and succeeding HIV screenings should be performed within a three-month window period from the time of the infection. Why does an individual need more than one HIV test? That is because the virus or the antibodies for the virus might not show up in the sample during the first HIV testing. If an individual tested negative (not infected) the first time, the test must be repeated to confirm the results. There are also rare cases where the initial result was positive (HIV-infected), but the second test revealed that it was false.

The individual might need additional testing for sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) as well, because a co-infection is also highly probable. Additional tests and confidential human immunodeficiency virus check in Singapore will also be needed to determine if the HIV-positive person also has an opportunistic illness (OI), or an infection other than STDs that has taken advantage of the weakened immune system.

How HIV is Treated

The goals of HIV treatment are to slow down the progress of the virus, prevent the spread of the infection, and to prevent symptoms from reducing the quality of life of the individual. Therefore, HIV treatment involves not just one type of medication, but other types of treatment that make up an HIV regimen.

• Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)

All HIV-positive individuals need ART as soon as possible regardless of the CD4 cell count, because it can be highly effective during the early stages of HIV. ART refers to the combination of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs that will act to stop the progression of the disease by suppressing the actions of the virus itself. ART will not kill the virus, but it’s possible to slow the down the destruction of the CD4 cells and the replication of the virus. This will give the immune system a chance to recover and still be able to fight off infections and HIV-related cancers.

• HIV Drug Classes

ARV drugs included in the therapy are divided into six classes based on how they affect the life cycle of HIV. A typical HIV regimen will include 3 HIV medicines and an additional 2 or more drug classes. Therefore, even if you have already confirmed that you are HIV-positive, your doctor will tell you to keep monitoring your condition through scheduled HIV testing.

The six classes of HIV drugs are as follows:

1. Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs) will block the virus’s reverse transcriptase proteins that it needs to make copies of itself.

2. Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs) will bind and disable the reverse transcriptase proteins in the virus.

3. Protease Inhibitors (PIs) will inhibit an enzyme from the virus that is needed for replication.

4. Fusion and Entry Inhibitors will stop the virus from entering the CD4 cells.

5. Pharmacokinetic Enhancers will act as booster of another HIV medication.

6. Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors (NSTIs) will block the enzyme from the virus needed to infect the CD4 cells with its genetic material.

• Common Side Effects

HIV medication have side effects, but the effects vary among patients, that is why you will need to collaborate with your doctor to come up with the best HIV regimen. You should also take note of possible drug interactions among HIV medicines and HIV drugs with other vitamins, supplements, and herbal products. It is possible for any one of the non-HIV medication to reduce the effect of HIV drugs, so always consult the doctor before trying other products.

• Possible Drug Resistance

HIV can mutate as it slowly takes over your immune system, that is why drug resistance is a huge threat. As a result, some strains of HIV may not be affected by your current medication. Such a risk, however, can be avoided if you strictly follow your HIV regimen and you undergo drug-resistance testing to identify which medicines will not work anymore.

Treating Infants and Children with HIV

Newborns of HIV-positive mothers will need postpartum ARV drugs; specifically, infant ARV prophylaxis should be administered within 6 to 12 hours after birth, while the four-week neonatal zidovudine prophylaxis regimen is given for full-term babies if the mother has received ART during pregnancy. For babies whose mothers did not receive the same ARV drugs, a combination infant prophylaxis regimen is advisable. Premature babies on the other hand, will need either nevirapine (or prophylaxis) or zidovudine (or treatment and prophylaxis).

For babies and children older than 14 days, the dosage of HIV drugs (such as zidovudine, maraviroc, and raltegravir) will depend on the weight. That means the dosage and type of HIV drugs will change as the child grows.

Why You Should Talk to a Psychologist

We don’t often think about mental health, and it has only been recently that we are beginning to understand its importance in our everyday lives. While there is still some stigma against seeking therapy and counselling, we now know that mental health is just as important as physical health. We are beginning to acknowledge the fact that physical health also affects mental health and vice versa; taking care of our bodies also means taking care of our minds.

We often think that going to a psychology center or talking to a psychologist means that we have a disorder. However, this is not the case. Everyone can benefit from talking to a psychologist, even those who think that they don’t need it. Therapy is simply providing a space and time where you can talk to a psychologist about the things that bother you. These trained professionals can give you insights that would help you deal with the stresses of life.

If you’re a parent and you think you have a good hold on your life and overall well-being, but find certain worrying psychological symptoms on your child, these can also be reasons why you should take them to a child psychologist.

Here are ten reasons why you should talk to a psychologist.

1. Reduce stress
We live in a hectic world, and with our schedules, it is often hard to live a life with self-awareness and a good handle on our emotions. This can lead to us feeling turbulent and confused, unable to understand or process our feelings and emotions.

Talking with a psychologist in Singapore can help you reduce the stress that you face in your everyday life. Even if we do not immediately reach a solution to the problems that stress us, knowing that we dedicated time and effort to solving them can help us ease our worries.

2. Share the burden
While it is a good idea to talk about our problems with friends and family, talking about your problems at Singapore’s center 4 psychology with a trained psychologist can be more beneficial. They can help you process your emotions about certain problems you may be having, or help you go through instances of intense emotions to help you have a better handle on them. In some situations, if one’s biggest problem is rooted in one’s marriage, it’s most advisable to undergo marriage counselling instead.

3. Solve problems
The best psychologist for you is one who can not only facilitate how you process your emotions, but also direct you to the roots of your problems. Your psychologist has the skills to guide you through your problems and can help you decide how to solve them. They can also provide input regarding habits you should avoid, and help you handle the emotions that often come along with making hard decisions.

4. Understand yourself better and raise self-awareness
Therapy can also help you understand yourself better. Talking to a recommended psychologist can help you uncover habits and tendencies that you possess. This knowledge can be invaluable for those who want to change aspects of their life for the better.

It also happens that in some marriages, both parties can take the other for granted, causing them to drift apart without realizing it. If you find that it’s becoming harder for you to relate with your partner, or even just enjoy his or her company, it would probably be best for your relationship to undergo marriage counselling.

5. Identify goals
Being able to understand yourself better is simply the beginning. Using the knowledge that you have about yourself, your psychologist can aid you in living the kind of life that you want to live. You may want to choose psychologists with specializations, like those who specialize in careers or marriages, should you need relationship counselling. However, all psychologists are equipped with the skills that can help you with making and reaching your chosen goals.

Additionally, meeting with a psychologist or going to a psychology center in Singapore can help you learn methods that would help you achieve your goals. Your therapist can introduce you to theories in psychology that would help you in goals and goal-setting, such as the psychology of habits and motivation.

6. Relate better to people
Knowing your strengths and weaknesses can make you more comfortable with others, be it strangers or loved ones. Relationship counselling is a good way to deal with problems with your significant others. Your therapist can suggest to you ways on how to empathize with people better, to understand how they may react to certain situations. Those who lack in certain social skills can also benefit from learning about skills and techniques that can lessen your anxiety towards socializing with others.

7. Feel better about the world
Therapy can also help you feel better about the world. Your psychologist can help you relate to the world, providing you with coping techniques, and insights that can help you feel better equipped to deal with the issues of the world at large.

8. Benefit from a neutral party
Your therapist can come to your aid as a neutral party, which means that you could rest assured that they do not have any other motivations other than helping you live a better life. Neither is their judgment is not clouded by their previous perceptions of you so they can approach your problems without bias.

A neutral party is also beneficial if you have problems concerning a significant other. Relationship counselling can be very beneficial for two parties who have problems between them, whether this relationship is of a romantic or platonic nature. Be it with your friend or your partner, couples who undergo relationship counselling can benefit from the insights of a psychologist.

In marriage counselling, the counsellor also serves as marriage and relationship counsel in Singapore who is a neutral party that could facilitate the reconciliation of a couple by giving sound advice to both sides with no bias or partiality.

9. Live a life of self-fulfilment
Everyone can benefit from talking to a psychologist, even those who feel like they don’t need it. Talking to a psychologist can help you forge new goals that would help you become the best version of yourself, to live a life of self-fulfilment that does not only benefit you but also those around you.

10. Improve physical health
Having good mental health and emotional hygiene also helps with physical health. Feeling better equipped to deal with life’s problems affects not just the mind but the body as well. Understanding yourself allows you to be more conscientious, and allows you to better other aspects of your life, including your physical health and wellbeing.

Again, there reasons don’t just apply to adults, but to children as well. Children who have notably unusual behaviour are highly advised to get a consultation from a professional child psychologist.